Clothing care

  • How can I make my clothes last longer?
  • Do my clothes need to be dry-cleaned?
  • At what temperature should I iron my shirt?

Read the labels of your clothes to preserve their quality.

The symbols

Know the symbols including in your clothing labels and always follow their instructions when washing. The methods described by these symbols have been extensively tested and are the best way to guarantee your clothing's quality.

Washing

Handwash only. Do not exceed 40ºC.

Do not wash. Don't use water.

Machine wash. Don't exceed the temperature displayed.

Machine wash. Don't exceed the temperature displayed.

Medium agitation.

Machine wash. Don't exceed the temperature displayed.

Minimum agitation.

Bleach

Chlorine-based bleaching allowed.

Don't use chlorine-based bleach.

Ironing

Don't iron.

Can be ironed at low temperatures (respect the temperature value if displayed).

Can be ironed at medium temperatures (respect the temperature value if displayed).

Can be ironed at high temperatures (respect the temperature value if displayed).

Dry cleaning

Dry clean using any solvents

Dry clean using mineral products only.

Clean with Perchloroethylene.

Cannot be washed and requires a professional service.

Dry

Don't tumble dry.

Can be tumble dried

Can be tumble dried on a low heat setting.

Can be tumble dried on a high heat setting.

Hang the wet garment on a clothes line or a rail, inside or outside the house without wringing or shaking it beforehand.

Place the garment on a horizontal surface to allow it to dry.

Practical advice

Do I have to wash my clothes?

If the clothes aren't dirty, airing and brushing them can sometimes be sufficient. This allows you save energy and your clothes will last longer.

Detergent

Using detergent with ecological labels will help the environment. Try not to use more detergent than recommended by the instructions on the bottle. Using greater quantities can result in clothes staining and skin problems.

Softener

Softener is unnecessarily wasteful and results in high levels of harm to the environment.

Bleach

Use bleach in cold water and for a maximum of one hour. Do not use iron, bronze or steel containers.

Hand washing

Remember to completely dissolve detergent prior to adding clothes. Separate garments for the first few washes as the water can become coloured.

Washing machine

Use washing machine at full capacity. It is recommendable to use a programme that consumes less energy when washing a small amount of garments, which is offered by the majority of modern washing machines. Remember to empty pockets.

Washing temperature

Always follow the indicated washing machine temperature. Colourful garments that should be washed at 60 degrees can run if washed at 40 degrees or by hand. It is not always best to wash at a lower temperature.

Drying

It is advisable to spin the clothes well prior to drying them. Remember that it is best to dry clothes outdoors. However, try to avoid exposing the garment to direct sunlight to prevent them from fading.

Ironing

Classify your clothes according to the temperature level on the label and begin with one that is lower. It is better for clothes to be a little damp when ironing them. When finished, using the damp cloth remove any remnants that may have become stuck before the iron cools down.

Recycling your clothes

Donate any clothes that you do not use to organisations that distribute them to people in need. This will prolong the life of your clothes.

Denim

Denim gets its look from a coloration technique that can release small pigments that run during washing. Wash jeans inside out so that they do not lose colour and which prevents the formation of white stains in the folds.

Down filling

Place tennis balls in the washing machine to ensure a uniform distribution of the padding.

Chunky knit garments

Chunk knit garments must be wrapped in a towel and dried in a horizontal position so that they do not lose their original shape.

Waterproof clothes

Waterproof clothes can be dried by wringing. If you prefer to put them into the washing machine, remember to always use a very low temperature.

FABRICS

Wool

Shrinks if washed at a very high temperature and loses shape if hung to dry. It is a good thermal insulator. It tends to compress and to go yellow.

Cotton

It shrinks if washed at too high a temperature. It withstands ironing and if it is coloured, must be washed separately for the first time. It is cool, flexible and highly resistant. It tends to crease.

Linen

It must be always washed by hand, at a low temperature and without spinning. It withstands ironing. It is cool and pleasant to the touch and does not get dirty easily.

Silk

Do not wash at high temperatures or spin. It must be ironed without using steam and at low temperature. It is strong, light, pleasant to the touch and colours stay well. It is delicate. Professional care is needed for stubborn stains.

Acetate, rayon or viscose

Must not be spun in order to prevent loss of shape. They have a silky feel and colours stay well. They have low resistance when wet, burn easily and are prone to static electricity.

Polyester or nylon

They are sensitive to heat, must be washed in lukewarm water and ironed at a low temperature without using steam. They are very resistant, do not crease easily and colours stay well. They burn easily and are prone to static electricity.